The historical context, the origin of the name and its current position in Athenian sights
Opposite the sacred rock of the Acropolis, there is the hill of Philopappus, pine-tree from the roots to the top, where the homonymous monument rests. This particular hill, however, bears more than one name, and is also known as the Muses hill, or the Sangio hill. This second name ("Sagione") dates back to the Frankish era and was preserved until the beginning of the last century. The etymology of this name obviously comes from the Italian word "senius", perhaps because in Frankish rule there was a signpost station in the southern projection of the hilltop, which received and transmitted signals and information with other towers - observatories , Along the coasts and the Saronic Islands, which mainly concerned the appearance of fleets or pirate ships. As a hill of the Mussels they were called in antiquity, while the present name comes from the Hyppos during the Roman period, Philopappus, who set up a monument 12 meters high on the top, opposite the Parthenon.